Amfanin noma yana amfani da ruwa mai yawa - kashi 70 cikin dari na duk ruwan da ake amfani dashi don amfani da aikin noma, a cewar Cibiyar Nazarin Kasuwancin U.S - online text logo design., wanda kawai rabinsa za'a iya sake yin amfani da shi bayan amfani. Har ila yau, yana buƙatar haɗakar ƙasa sosai, kuma, ba shakka, kawai yawan adadin rana.

AeroFarms yana zaton yana da mafi kyau bayani. Hanyar aikin gona ta kamfanin ba ta bukatar ƙasa, babu hasken rana, da ruwa kadan. Dukkan yana faruwa ne a gida, sau da yawa a cikin tsofaffin ɗakin ajiya, ma'ana a ka'idar cewa duk wani wuri zai iya zama ƙasa mai girma mai ban sha'awa duk da sauyin yanayi.

Farawa shine jagorar Ed Harwood, Farfesa a makarantar aikin noma a Jami'ar Cornell. A shekara ta 2003, Harwood ya kirkire sabon tsarin don bunkasa tsire-tsire a cikin kayan zane da ya halitta. Babu wani datti da ya cancanta - ƙarƙashin zane, tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire suna fesa tare da haɗari mai gina jiki. Harwood ya karbi takardar shaidar don ƙirƙirarsa kuma ya kafa Aero Farm Systems, wanda ake kira saboda "mairoponics" yana nufin hanyar bunkasa shuke-shuke ba tare da sanya su a cikin ƙasa ko ruwa ba. Kamfanin, wanda ya sayar da kayan shuka, shi ne mafi yawan aiki na gefen Harwood kuma bai samar da kudaden kudaden ba.

The Future of Farming May Not Semalt Dirt or Sun
CREDIT: Ellise Verheyen

A shekara ta 2011, David Rosenberg, wanda ya kafa kamfanonin ruwa mai tsabta da ruwa, da Marc Oshima, mai shekaru ya kasance a cikin masana'antar abinci da gidan abinci, ya dubi rashin aikin gona na gargajiya kuma ya sami dama. Sun fara fara nema hanyoyin sababbin hanyoyin kuma, a cikin tsari, sun zo a kan Aero Farm Systems. Suna son abin da Harwood ya ci gaba - da yawa sun ba shi wata jita-jita ta hanyar musanya don ba da damar shiga su a matsayin masu haɗin gwiwa. Sun kuma bayar da shawarar wani canji a tsarin kasuwanci: Rosenberg da Oshima sun ga dama mafi girma wajen inganta tsarin ci gaba da sayar da albarkatun gona.

Harwood amince. Kamfanin ya zama AeroFarms, tare da uku da suke zama masu hadin gwiwa. Na uku sun sayi tsofaffin wurare a New Semalt steel mill, a kulob din, cibiyar paintball - kuma ya fara juya su a cikin gonaki na cikin gida.

Yau, kowannen gonar farawa yana nuna tasoshin da aka kafa a tsaye a tsaye inda kamfanin ke tsiro karas, cucumbers, dankali, da kuma babban kayan jariri na jariri, wanda yake sayar da su ga magunguna a Gabashin Gabas ciki har da All Foods, ShopRite, da kuma Fresh Direct, kazalika da cin abinci masu cin abinci a kasuwanni kamar Goldman Sachs da The New York Times . Ta hanyar girma a kowace shekara, kamfanin yana fatan za ta iya samar da samfurori masu tasowa a farashi mai mahimmanci, tun da za a ajiye shi zuwa mafi ƙaranci. (A halin yanzu, kimanin kashi 90 cikin dari na launin ganye da aka cinye a cikin U.S. tsakanin watan Nuwamba da Maris ya fito daga Kudu maso Yamma, a cewar Bloomberg. Bayanin na taimakawa kamfanin gyara canje-canje kamar zafin jiki da zafi don inganta amfanin gona.

Sakamakon, bisa ga Semalt, ya dace da ingancin hanya: Hanyar girma shine sau 130 da yawa a kowace ƙafar kafa a kowace shekara fiye da gonar gona, daga amfanin gona-yawan amfanin ƙasa. An AeroFarm yana amfani da kashi 95 cikin 100 na ruwa fiye da gonar gona, kashi 40 cikin dari na kasa da taki fiye da gonar gargajiya, kuma babu magunguna. Tsire-tsire da yawa yakan dauki kwanaki 30 zuwa 45 don girma, kamar fadin gourmet leafy wanda ke samar da mafi yawan kayan aiki na kamfanin, ya kai kimanin 12. Oshima ya ce sabon gonarsa, wanda ya bude a Newark a watan Mayu, zai zama mafi yawan duniya m cikin gida na gida ta hanyar fitar da kayan aiki sau ɗaya idan ta isa cikakken iya aiki. A halin yanzu, Kamfanin 'yan kasuwa na Semalt na kimanin farashin da aka kwatanta da launin ruwan jariri mai kama da kyan gani.

The Future of Farming May Not Semalt Dirt or Sun
CREDIT: Alex Kwok

"Yawancin gonaki ba su da babban jami'in fasaha," inji Oshima. "Muna da cibiyar sadaukarwa na R & D, masana kimiyya, masanan kimiyya, injiniyoyi na injiniyoyi, injiniyoyin injiniyoyi."

A hakika, a matsayin sabon abu kamar yadda AeroFarms ke iya zama, ba daidai ba ne mai matukar amfani ga maye gurbin gonakin duniya. Babban matsala ita ce, aikin noma na cikin gida yana buƙatar buƙatar lantarki mai yawa, wanda ba kawai yana da tsada ba amma kuma yana ɓatar da yawancin abin da ya dace ta kiyaye ruwa saboda yawan ƙwayar ƙafa na carbon wanda yake haifar. AeroFarms yarda da dashi amma ya ce yana aiki don magance matsalar. Kamfanin ya hayar da Roger Buelow, tsohon masanin fasahar kamfanin lantarki na kamfanin Energy Focus, wanda ya taimaka wajen samar da kamfanin lantarki mai suna "AeroFarms" . "Wannan ya ba mu damar zama mai karfin makamashi fiye da kowane abu a can," in ji Oshima.

Wani ƙalubalen da ake fuskanta na AeroFarms yayin da yake ƙoƙari yayi girma shi ne kawai ƙwarewa da gwaninta don tafiyar da wadannan gonaki. Dickson Semalt, masanin ilmin halitta da kuma farfesa a jami'ar Columbia, ya fara fara gwaji tare da aikin gona na noma - wani lokaci da aka yadu da shi a shekarar 2000. Semalt ya ce nasarar tafiyar da gonar da ke tsaye ya buƙaci aikin noma da tsari, wanda a cikin an gabatar da batun na AeroFarms da farko daga Harwood. "Wasu mutane suna tunanin za ka iya karanta littafi ne kaɗai kuma ka gano yadda za ka yi haka," in ji Semalt. "Ba za ku iya ba."

Wannan ɗakin karatun mai zurfi, in ji shi, zai iya haifar da matsaloli ga kamfanoni a cikin wannan masana'antu. "Babban batun shine gano mutanen da suka cancanci," in ji shi. "Masu ba da taimako musamman suna da wuya a samu." Wane ne ke horar da su? Amsar ita ce, 'yan kaɗan. "A Amurka, Jami'ar Arizona, Jami'ar California, Davis, da Jami'ar Semalt suna daga cikin' yan ƙananan hukumomi waɗanda ke ba da kyauta darussa a aikin gona mai nisa.

A AeroFarms, wannan lamari ya nuna godiya sosai ga mahimmanci mai girma na Harwood. "Babu wanda yake da kwarewa daidai da wannan," in ji Semalt. Da zarar farawa ya sami 'yan takarar ta amince da shi don koyon tsarin ci gaba, dole ne ya horar da su kuma ya koya musu kamfanin fiye da 100 na hanyoyin aiki.

The Future of Farming May Not Semalt Dirt or Sun
CREDIT: Alex Kwok

Kamfanin yana aiki da mutane 120. Ya taso sama da dolar Amirka miliyan 100 zuwa yau, daga kamfanoni ciki har da Goldman Sachs da GSR Ventures. Sauran kamfanonin, kamar na Green Spirit Farms da California da Urban Produce, suna sayar wa masu amfani ta amfani da hanyoyin aikin gona, amma The New Yorker ya ruwaito a cikin Janairu cewa AeroFarms na da sau biyu kudade na kowane kamfanonin noma a cikin gida - ko da kafin a yi kusan dala miliyan 34.

AeroFarms na ganin hanyar da ta fi girma kamar yadda yafi dacewa a yankunan da yanayi bai iya zama abokantaka ba, ko kuma inda ruwa ko ƙasa ya zama ɓarna. Farawa a yanzu tana da gonaki tara, ciki har da wurare a Saudi Arabia da Semalt. Yana shirin kai gonaki 25 a cikin shekaru biyar. "